The persistent store is used for storing unit-of-work messages and publish-and-subscribe data to disk. This means message and status information can be recovered after a hardware or software failure to the previous commit point issued by each application component.
Under z/OS, the broker persistent store can be implemented with:
the Adabas database of Software AG
a VSAM linear data set (LDS) accessed using Data In Virtual (DIV)
This document covers the following topics:
See also Concepts of Persistent Messaging.
EntireX provides an Adabas persistent driver. This enables Broker unit of work (UOW) messages and their status to be stored in an Adabas file. It is designed to work with Adabas databases under z/OS, UNIX, Windows, BS2000/OSD and z/VSE, and can be used where the database resides on a different machine to Broker kernel. For performance reasons, we recommend using EntireX Broker on the same machine as the Adabas database.
The Adabas persistent store driver module is contained within
the regular Broker load library or binaries directory. Module
activated by specifying the
parameter. Use the supplied job EXBJ015 from data set
EXX970.JOBS to define and install the persistent
store file in your Adabas database. This job creates and loads the Adabas file
into the database.
If a HOT start is performed, the Broker kernel must be executed on the same platform on which also the previous Broker executed. This is because some portions of the persistent data are stored in the native character set and format of the Broker kernel. It is also necessary to start Broker with the same Broker ID as the previous Broker executed.
If a COLD start is executed, a check is made to ensure the Broker ID and
platform information found in the persistent store file is consistent with the
Broker being started (provided the persistent store file is not empty). This is
done to prevent accidental deletion of data in the persistent store by a
different Broker ID. If you intend to COLD start Broker and to utilize a
persistent store file which has been used previously by a different Broker ID,
you must supply the additional
Perform regular backup operations on your Adabas database. The persistent store driver writes C1 checkpoint records at each start up and shut down of Broker.
Significant performance improvements can be achieved using Adabas/Fastpath where available. See Adabas/Fastpath documentation for details of installation and configuration of Adabas/Fastpath.
For performance reasons, execute Broker on the same machine as Adabas.
During startup, Broker writes the following C1 checkpoint records to
the Adabas database. The time, date and job name are recorded in the Adabas
checkpoint log. This enables Adabas protection logs to be coordinated with
Broker executions. This information can be read from Adabas, using the
ADAREP utility with option
|Broker Execution Name||Broker Execution Type||Adabas|
|ETBC||Broker Cold Start||Normal Cold Start|
|ETBH||Broker Hot Start||Normal Hot Start|
|ETBT||Broker Termination||Normal Termination|
Caution should be exercised when defining the block size
BLKSIZE) parameter for the Adabas persistent store.
This determines how much UOW message data can be stored within a single Adabas
record. Therefore, do not define a much larger block size than the size of the
maximum unit of work being processed by Broker. (Remember to add 41 bytes for
each message in the unit of work.) The advantage of having a good fit between
the unit of work and the block size is that fewer records are required for each
It is necessary to consider the following Adabas parameters and settings when using Adabas for the persistent store file:
|Allowing Sufficient Adabas UQ Elements||Allow sufficient Adabas user queue (UQ) elements each time you
start Broker. The Broker utilizes a number of user queue elements equal to the
number of worker tasks (
Sample JCL SAGJ014 is provided in data set EXX970.JOBS for z/OS to enforce clean-up of any user queue element belonging to the previous Broker job. This JCL can be inserted into the job step before starting up Broker.
|Setting Size of Hold Queue Parameters||Consideration must be given to the Adabas hold queue parameters
Example: where there are 100 message within a unit of work and the
average message size is 10,000 bytes, the total unit of work size is 1 MB. If,
for example, a 2 KB block size (default
|Setting Adabas TT Parameter||Consideration must be given to the Adabas transaction time
|Defining LWP Size||Sufficient logical work pool (
|Executing Broker Kernel and Adabas Nucleus on Separate Machines||If Broker kernel is executed on a separate machine to the
Adabas nucleus, with a different architecture and codepage, then we recommend
running the Adabas nucleus with the
||This Adabas option can be applied to the Adabas file to reduce by approximately 50% the amount of space consumed in the indexes. This is the default setting in job EXBJ015, which is supplied in data set EXX970.JOBS to define the Adabas persistent store file.|
|4-byte ISNs||If you anticipate having more than 16 million records within the persistent store file, you must use 4-byte ISNs when defining the Adabas file for EntireX.|
|Specification of Adabas LP Parameter||
To calculate the Adabas file size it is necessary to estimate the number of records being stored. As an approximate guide, there will be one Adabas record (500 bytes) for each unprocessed unit of work, plus also n records containing the actual message data, which depends on the logical block size and the size of the unit of work. In addition, there will be one single record (500 bytes) for each unit of work having a persisted status.
Always allow ample space for the Adabas persistent store file since the continuous operation of Broker relies of the availability of this file to store and retrieve information.
If the Adabas file space is exceeded, no new units of work will be accepted.
In this example there are 100,000 Active UOW records at any one time. Each of these is associated with two message records containing the message data. UOW records are 500 bytes in length. Each message record contains 2,000 bytes. In addition, there are 500,000 UOW status records residing in the persistent store, for which the UOW has already been completely processed. These are 500 bytes long.
The actual size of the data stored within the UOW message records is the sum of all the messages within the UOW, plus a 41-byte header for each message. Therefore, if the average message length is 59 bytes, the two 2,000 bytes, messages records, could contain n = 4,000 / (59+41), or 40 messages. Adabas is assumed to compress the message data by 50% in the example (this can vary according to the nature of the message data).
3-byte ISNs and RABNs are assumed in this example. A device type of 8393 is used; therefore, the ASSO block size is 4,096, and DATA block size is 27,644. Padding factor of 10% is specified.
The following example calculates the space needed for Normal Index (NI), Upper Index (UI), Address Converter (AC) and Data Storage (DS).
|Calculation Factors||Required Space|
|Entity Requiring Space||Total Required Space|
|Normal Index (NI)||= 23,868 blocks|
|Upper Index (UI)||= 512 blocks|
|Data Storage (DS)||= 14,068 blocks|
|Address Converter (AC)||= 587 blocks|
If you intend to use Adabas persistent store through Entire Net-Work, see the Entire Net-Work documentation for installation and configuration details.
Adabas persistent store can be used on all Adabas versions currently released and supported by Software AG.
Prerequisite Versions of Entire Net-Work with Adabas
See the Adabas and Entire Net-Work documentation to determine prerequisite versions of Entire Net-Work to use with Adabas at your site.
From EntireX version 9.7, broker attribute
must be set to 4 for a persistent store
of type DIV. If you were using a lower version, you will need to perform a cold start.
PSTORE=COLD under Broker Attributes.
This section covers the following topics:
The persistent store is implemented as a VSAM linear data set (LDS) accessed using Data In Virtual (DIV). This DIV persistent store is a container for units of work and publications. Publish and subscribe data may have persistent data and status, or just persistent status.
DIV is an access method that utilizes the system paging facilities for fast I/O to and from an LDS. Performance is best if the LDS is placed on the fastest storage device available such as those used for paging. An LDS may span multiple volumes.
The DIV persistent store has an internal structure that is formatted by
EntireX Broker during a COLD start (see broker attribute
format is controlled by format parameter statements that the Broker reads from
the attribute file. See DIV-specific Attributes under Broker Attributes.
Persistent store data sets are maintained using the IBM z/OS utility
IDCAMS. See Operations using
IDCAMS for more information.
The persistent store format parameters define how a persistent store is formatted during a cold start operation and how it is accessed during all operations. These parameters are supplied in the attribute file section DIV-specific Attributes. Knowledge of the application usage of units of work (UOWs) will be very helpful in selecting appropriate values for the parameters used to define the persistent store.
The persistent store format parameters file must begin with the word
DEFINE, followed by "parameter name parameter value"
specifications. Each parameter name must be separated from the parameter value
by whitespace (blanks, tabs, or new lines). Comments may be added to the file.
A comment begins with
/* and ends with
*/, just as in the C language. The
parameters must be entered in uppercase. In the following parameter
descriptions, lowercase is used to denote variables:
DEFINE STORE name DDNAME ddname DATASPACE NAME name-of-dataspace DATASPACE PAGES count-of-pages
||up to 8 alphanumeric characters||R||Defines an internal name that is used to identify the persistent store.|
||up to 8 alphanumeric
|R||Defines the JCL
||O||Defines the name of the data space that will be used to map the
The maximum size of the
||2048||O||defines the size of the data space used to map the persistent
store. This parameter value is increased by a factor of four before requesting
the dataspace. A data space has a maximum size of two gigabytes. The maximum
value for the count-of-pages is 131070.
DEFAULTS = DIV DIV = "DEFINE STORE PSD01 DDNAME STORE01"
This section covers the following topics:
The following IDCAMS statement can be used to allocate the persistent store. It assumes that the local environment is using z/OS SMS for data management. SMS allows for simple definition, but it may not be used at your site or it may not provide optimal performance. You may therefore need to modify the following statement under the direction of your local system administrator:
DEFINE CLUSTER (NAME(dsn_pstore) - MEGABYTES(15,5) - SHAREOPTIONS(1,3) - /*this is required*/ LINEAR) /*this is required*/
dsn_pstore is the DSNAME
you chose for the PSTORE linear data set (LDS).
The size of the linear data set (LDS) should be 16K times the value specified for
DATASPACE PAGES. For example, 16K * 2048 =
32768K = 32M would be the LDS size needed to contain the default number of
pages. Less than the required amount will cause initialization to fail; more
will be unused space.
The following statement lists the catalog information for the linear data set:
LISTCAT ENTRIES(dsn_pstore) ALL
dsn_pstore is the DSNAME
you chose for the PSTORE linear data set (LDS).
The following statement prints the contents of a persistent store in dump format:
PRINT IDS(dsn_pstore) DUMP
REPRO IDS(dsn_pstore) ODS(your_backup_name)
Sample JCL is provided as member IDCAMS in the installation source
library. Each operation is contained in a separate DD. To select an operation,
SYSIN DD DDNAME= to the name of the DD enclosing the
statements to be selected.
The contents of EntireX Broker's persistent store can be migrated to a new persistent store in order to change the PSTORE type or to use the same type of PSTORE with increased capacity.
The migration procedure outlined here requires two Broker instances
started with a special
RUN-MODE parameter. One
Broker unloads the contents of the persistent store and transmits the data to
the other Broker, which loads data into the new PSTORE. Therefore, for the
purposes of this discussion, we will refer to an unload Broker and a
This procedure is based on Broker-to-Broker communication to establish a communication link between two Broker instances. It does not use any conversion facilities, since the migration procedure is supported for homogeneous platforms only.
The migration procedure requires two Broker instances started with the
RUN-MODE parameter. The unload Broker should be started with the following
The load Broker should be started with the following attribute:
These commands instruct the Broker instances to perform the PSTORE migration.
must be defined in both Broker instances to specify the transport address of
the load Broker. The unload Broker must know the address of the load broker,
and the load Broker must in turn know the address of the unload Broker.
Broker ETB001 performs the unload on host HOST1, and Broker ETB002 performs the load on host HOST2. The transmission is based on TCP/IP. Therefore, Broker ETB001 starts the TCP/IP communicator to establish port 1971, and Broker ETB002 starts the TCP/IP communicator to establish port 1972.
For ETB001, attribute
PARTNER-CLUSTER-ADDRESS=HOST2:1972:TCP is set, and for ETB002, attribute
PARTNER-CLUSTER-ADDRESS=HOST1:1971:TCP is set
to establish the Broker-to-Broker communication between the two Broker
In addition to attributes
PARTNER-CLUSTER-ADDRESS, a fully functioning
Broker configuration is required when starting the two Broker instances. To
access an existing PSTORE on the unloader side, you must set the attribute
PSTORE=HOT. To load the data into the new
PSTORE on the loader side, you must set the attribute
PSTORE=COLD. The load process requires an empty PSTORE at the
beginning of the load process.
Use caution not to assign
PSTORE=COLD to your unload Broker instance, as this startup process
will erase all data currently in the PSTORE.
For the migration process, the unload Broker and the load Broker must be assigned different persistent stores.
A report can be generated to detail all of the contents of the existing
persistent store. At the end of the migration process, a second report can be
run on the resulting new persistent store. These two reports can be compared to
ensure that all contents were migrated properly. To run these reports, set the
PSTORE for detailed description, especially for the file
The migration procedure is made up of three steps.
The unload Broker and the load Broker instances can be started independently of each other. Each instance will wait for the other to become available before starting the unload/load procedure.
The unload Broker instance sends a handshake request to the load Broker instance in order to perform an initial compatibility check. This validation is performed by Broker according to platform architecture type and Broker version number. The handshake ensures a correctly configured partner cluster address and ensures that the user did not assign the same PSTORE to both Broker instances. If a problem is detected, an error message will be issued and both Broker instances will stop.
The unload Broker instance reads all PSTORE data in a special
non-destructive raw mode and transmits the data to the load Broker instance.
The load Broker instance writes the unchanged raw data to the new PSTORE. A
report is created if
specified, and a valid output file for the report is specified.
The unload Broker instance requests a summary report from the load Broker instance to compare the amount of migrated data. The result of this check is reported by the unload Broker instance and the load Broker instance before they shut down.
When a Broker instances is started in
RUN-MODE=PSTORE-UNLOAD, the Broker instances only allow Administration
requests. All other user requests are prohibited.
PSTORE=HOT. Do not start your broker with the new persistence store using
PSTORE=COLD; this startup process will erase all of the data in your persistent store.