This document contains information on setting up the Broker under UNIX. It assumes that you have successfully installed EntireX using the Software AG Installer. It covers the following topics:
When installation is complete, the daemon is running and ready to be used by
script located in directory <Installation_Dir>/EntireX/bin. This script can be used, for example, to start or stop the broker.
To start the daemon
Enter the following command:
- <Installation_Dir>/EntireX/bin/sagexx107 start
To stop the daemon
Enter the following command:
- <Installation_Dir>/EntireX/bin/sagexx107 stop
It is also registered to startup at boot time, therefore the installation generates additional scripts in a location that depends on the operating system:
|Recent Linux versions use systemd instead of init scripts.
If no port number is specified, the EntireX Broker kernel uses
to determine the TCP/IP port on which it will listen for incoming connections.
The specified name is the value of
BROKER‑ID in the attribute file.
An entry for this value must be made in the local machine's /etc/services file, for example:
etbnnn yyyyy/tcp # local host
|is the intended port number.
This is the same place that local broker stubs will obtain the port information.
getservbyname fails, the default port number 1971 is used. This is the same default port number that the stubs use.
If check box Turn on Autostart for default EntireX Broker is checked during installation, the default broker ETB001 is started.
To start the default broker
To stop the default broker
The Broker can use Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) as the transport medium. The term "SSL" in this section refers to both SSL and TLS. RPC-based clients and servers as well as ACI clients and servers are always SSL clients. The broker is always the SSL server. For an introduction see SSL/TLS, HTTP(S), and Certificates with EntireX in the platform-independent Administration documentation.
Before starting the Broker, it must be configured to correctly use SSL as a transport mechanism:
To set up SSL
To operate with SSL, certificates need to be provided and maintained. Depending on the platform, Software AG provides default certificates, but we strongly recommend that you create your own. See SSL/TLS Sample Certificates Delivered with EntireX in the EntireX Security documentation.
Modify broker-specific attributes.
"-SSL" to the
TRANSPORT attribute. For example:
DEFAULTS = BROKER TRANSPORT = TCP-SSL
Set the SSL attributes, for example:
DEFAULTS = SSL KEY-STORE = /<Install_Dir>/EntireX/etc/ExxAppCert.pem KEY-PASSWD-ENCRYPTED = MyAppKey KEY-FILE = /<Install_Dir>/EntireX/etc/ExxAppKey.pem VERIFY-CLIENT = N PORT=1958
where 1958 is the default but can be changed to any port number.
Make sure the SSL clients connecting to the broker are prepared for SSL connections as well. See Using SSL/TLS with EntireX Components.
A default broker is always created during installation. This broker is started automatically by default.
Create a subdirectory called ETBnnn under $EXXDIR/etb if it does not yet exist, place the attribute file under ETBnnn and name it etbfile.
cd $EXXDIR/etb mkdir ETB002 cp /tmp/your attribute file ETB002/etbfile
The broker can be started by executing shell script etbstart in the /<Install_Dir>/EntireX/bin directory, using the syntax:
where ETBnnn is the assigned Broker ID (for example ETB001).
The broker can be stopped by executing the etbcmd utility in the /<Install_Dir>/EntireX/bin directory using the syntax:
etbcmd -bbroker-id -dBROKER -cSHUTDOWN
Optional: The broker can also be shut down in any of the following ways:
etbcmd -blocalhost:port -dBROKER -cSHUTDOWN
etbcmd -bipaddress:port -dBROKER -cSHUTDOWN
etbcmd -bmachinename:port -dBROKER -cSHUTDOWN
The port number is needed only when the broker is not running on the standard port.
The information given here is independent of hardware type and platform.
To guarantee that a broker ID is unique on one machine, a named semaphore is created at
initialization. If this semaphore already exists for this broker ID,
initialization is terminated with message ETBE0168, "This instance of
broker already running". If as a result of an abnormal broker
termination this semaphore cannot be deleted completely, you can force a
restart of the Broker with Broker attribute
This section covers the following topics:
TRACE-LEVEL attribute determines the level of
tracing to be performed while Broker is running. The Broker has a master
TRACE-LEVEL specified in the Broker section of
the attribute file as well as several individual
TRACE-LEVEL settings that are specified in the
following sections of the attribute file.
|Specified in Attribute File Section
|Master trace level
|Persistent store trace level
DEFAULTS=ADABAS | CTREE | DIV
|Conversion trace level
DEFAULTS=SERVICE; Trace option of the service-specific broker attribute
|Security trace level
|Transport trace level
DEFAULTS=TCP | SSL
|Application Monitoring trace level
TRACE-LEVEL without restarting the Broker, use the Broker command-line utility
TRACE-LEVEL without restarting the broker, use Command Central. See Changing the Trace Level Temporarily.
|No tracing. Default value.
|Traces incoming requests, outgoing replies, and resource usage.
|All of Trace Level 1, plus all main routines executed.
|All of Trace Level 2, plus all routines executed.
|All of Trace Level 3, plus Broker ACI control block displays.
Trace levels 2 and above should be used only when requested by Software AG Support.
It is not always convenient to run with
TRACE-LEVEL defined, especially when higher
trace levels are involved. Deferred tracing is triggered when a specific
condition occurs, such as an ACI response code or a broker subtask abend. Such
conditions cause the contents of the trace buffer to be written, showing trace
information leading up the specified event. If the specified event does not
occur, the Broker trace will contain only startup and shutdown information
TRACE-LEVEL=0). Operating the
trace in this mode requires the following additional attributes in the broker
section of the attribute file. Values for
TRAP-ERROR are only examples.
|Specifies the deferred trace buffer size = 3 * 64 K.
|Indicates trace is not written until an event occurs.
|Assigns the event ACI response code 00780322 "PSI: UPDATE failed".
The following methods are available to switch on or off the EntireX Broker trace dynamically. You do not need to restart the broker for the changes to take effect.
Run command utility
etbcmd with option
-c TRACE-ON or - c TRACE-OFF.
TRACE-FILE-SIZE are used to avoid a constantly growing ETB.LOG file.
The trace is written to file ETB.LOG until
TRACE-FILE-SIZE has been reached and a new file is opened. The number of files defined in
MAX-TRACE-FILES is kept in addition to the current ETB.LOG file.
Example: If you define
TRACE-FILE-SIZE=100M, the current ETB.LOG will be closed after 100 MB have been written. A maximum of nine backup files plus the current ETB.LOG
file are kept.
An optional feature of EntireX Broker is available to protect a broker
denial-of-service attacks. An application that is running with invalid user
credentials will get a security response code. However, if the process is doing
this in a processing loop, the whole system could be affected. If
is set to
YES, EntireX Broker maintains a
blacklist to handle such "attacks". If an application causes ten
consecutive security class error codes within 30 seconds, the blacklist handler
puts the participant on the blacklist. All subsequent requests from this
participant are blocked until the
Here is a scenario illustrating another use of this feature that is not security-related.
An RPC server is to be shut down immediately, using Broker Command and Information
Services (CIS), and has no active request in the broker. The shutdown results
LOGOFF of the server. The next request that
the server receives will probably result in message 00020002 "User
does not exist", which will cause the server to reinitialize
itself. It was not possible to inform the server that shutdown was meant to be
With the blacklist, this is now possible. As long as the blacklist is not switched off, when a server is shut down immediately using CIS and when there is no active request in the broker, a marker is set in the blacklist. When the next request is received, this marker results in message 00100050 "Shutdown IMMED required", which means that the server is always informed of the shutdown.