This document describes purpose and usage of a Natural global buffer pool (GBP) under the operating system z/OS.
The section covers the following topics:
Certain parts of the Natural global buffer pool are identical under z/OS and z/VSE. These parts are concentrated in a separate section (see Common GBP Operating Functions under z/OS and z/VSE) which covers the following topics:
The Natural global buffer pool is a segment of storage assigned from the z/OS extended common system area (ECSA) above 16 MB (or from CSA storage below, if requested), used by Natural to load and execute Natural programs.
Using a global buffer pool, multiple Natural sessions under different TP monitors (multiple copies of CICS, TSO, IMS TM, etc.) and/or in multiple batch sessions share the same area - thus requiring less storage than would be required for a local buffer pool in each environment.
The following prerequisites must be met if you want to use a global buffer pool:
have been linked into an Authorized Program Facility (APF) library; see the
in Installing Natural on
z/OS in the Installation for z/OS
The global buffer pool must have been started; see the corresponding step in Installing Natural on z/OS in the Installation for z/OS documentation.
The global buffer pool is operated using the program
NATGBPvr which must be executed from
within an Authorized Program Facility (APF) library.
The following topics are covered below:
In the following document, vrs or vr represents the relevant version of the product. For information on product versions, see Version in the Glossary.
If the z/OS parameter
explicitly been specified in
SYS1.PARMLIB(DIAGxx), a Natural global
buffer pool is allocated in user key, so that Natural sessions accessing a
global buffer pool have write permission for that buffer pool.
ALLOWUSERKEYCSA(NO) is in effect, a Natural global
buffer pool is allocated in system key; therefore, Natural sessions accessing a
global buffer pool do not have any write permission for that buffer pool. These
Natural sessions call the Authorized Services Manager (ASM) to perform all
buffer pool functions. As a consequence, installation of the ASM is mandatory.
The ASM is not only called to load a Natural object into the buffer pool but
also to maintain the use count of a Natural object if the execution of this
Natural object is started or terminated. The calls to the Authorized Services
Manager will increase Natural’s resource consumption. The overhead is hard to
predict and depends on the application profile (ratio of program calls to
program execution time).
The functions provided by the operating program
NATGBPvr are activated in that they
specified in a parameter card
read from a file (see below),
or supplied by the
NATGBPvr expects the first
command in the parameter field (
PARM=) of the
You may enter:
one of the functions (described in the section Common GBP Operating Functions under z/OS and z/VSE)
or a reference to an input file with
dd-name represents a DD name defined in
the JCL. Only "card image" files are supported, that is,
RECFM=F,LRECL=80, and only the first 72 bytes of the input record
are honored. Every record included from the input file represents a command.
Blank records or records prefixed with an asterisk (*) are ignored. A file is
processed until End-Of-File (EOF). Example:
If the parameter field is not supplied or blank, the commands will
be read from file
SYSIN by default.
It is only possible to enter one function at a time at the console or one function per line using the command file; otherwise, an error message will be returned.
Each command received, from the parameter card, from file input or from operator console input is shown on the operator console.
To start the program
NATGBPvr, either start a started task
or submit a job, which executes
To ensure that the global buffer pool is retained after a system failure, the global buffer pool should be started automatically during machine IPL.
After all commands are processed, the program
NATGBPvr terminates, unless
or a buffer pool with a cache was created.
NATGBPvr will return one
of the following condition codes:
||All functions executed successfully.|
||An error has occurred; see the message log for
See also the
The following examples show sample batch jobs for creating and terminating a global buffer pool.
In the following examples, the notation vrs or vr represents the relevant product version. For information on product versions, see Version in the Glossary.
//GBPSTART JOB //* //* Starts a global buffer pool with the name NATvrGBP, a size of 1 MB and //* a text block size of 4 KB. The global buffer pool is allocated above 16 MB. //* The subsystem used is NATv. //* After the allocation, the job GBPSTART terminates. //* //STEP EXEC PGM=NATGBPvr,PARM='BPN=NATvrGBP,N=(1M)' //SETPLIB DD DISP=SHR,DSN=USER.APF.LINKLIB
//GBPRES JOB //* //* Starts a global buffer pool with the name GBP, a default size of //* 100 KB and a text block size of 1 KB. The global buffer pool is allocated //* below 16 MB. The subsystem used is SAGS. //* After the allocation, the job GBPRES will wait for further commands. //* Further commands may be entered using the MODIFY operator command: //* F GBPRES,command-string //* //STEP EXEC PGM=NATGBPvr,PARM='BPN=GBP,N=(,BL,1),S=SAGS,R=Y'
//GBPSTOP //* //* Stops the global buffer pool GPB if it contains no active objects. If it //* does contain active objects, the operator console will prompt for a reply. //* Depending on the reply, the shutdown will be forced (Y) or aborted (N). //* The subsystem used is NATv. //* //STEP EXEC PGM=NATGBPvr,PARM='FSHUT,BPN=GPB'
//GBPSTRT2 //* Read commands from SYSIN1: //* //* Start two global buffer pools (subsystem ID Nvrs) with names //* NATGBP1 - size=1024KB and a cache with size 2048KB, and //* NATGBP2 - size=2048KB without cache. //* Display all buffer pools of subsystem ID Nvrs. //* //* Note: The job does not terminate by itself, but stays resident and waits //* for operator commands because it owns the data space allocated for //* buffer pool NATGBP1. //* //* To shut down the buffer pools, send the operator command MODIFY with //* parameter CF=SYSIN2 to execute the corresponding FSHUTs. //* //STEP EXEC PGM=NATGBPvr,PARM='CF=SYSIN1' //SYSIN1 DD * CREATE,BPN=NATGBP1,S=Nvrs,N=(1M),BPC=2M CREATE,BPN=NATGBP2,S=Nvrs,N=(2M) SHOWBP S=Nvrs //SYSIN2 DD * FSHUT,BPN=NATGBP1,S=Nvrs FSHUT,BPN=NATGBP2,S=Nvrs SHOWBP S=Nvrs //*
NATGBPTX is delivered in source form. It
contains all error messages in English in mixed case. The messages can be
translated into other languages as required. In this case, the
NATGBPTX source module has to be assembled and
NATGBPvr has to be relinked.
To issue the global buffer pool messages including their variable
parts in upper case, the global buffer pool parameter module
NATGBPRM has to be assembled with the
UCTRAN parameter set to
YES, and the module
NATGBPvr has to be relinked.
To relink the module
NATGBPvr, use the following JCL:
//SYSLIN DD * SETCODE AC(1) SETOPT PARM(REUS=RENT) INCLUDE NATLIB(NATGBPMG) INCLUDE SMALIB(NATGBPRM) INCLUDE SMALIB(NATGBPTX) INCLUDE NATLIB(NATBPMGR) NAME NATGBPvr(R) /*
Refer to Natural Global Buffer Pool Manager Messages in the Natural Messages and Codes documentation.