This section covers the following topics:
Natural Security is available on the following platforms:
Natural Security is available as a full version and as a runtime version.
Normally, Natural Security is installed as a full version comprising the complete functionality of Natural Security. The full version can be installed on all platforms - except on some Windows platforms (as listed in the Natural Release Notes), where only the runtime version is available.
The full version comprises the entire runtime functionality as well as
the full administrative and maintenance functionality. In the application
SYSSEC it provides all functions for the online administration and
maintenance of Natural Security data, and for the creation and evaluation of
access logs, as well as application programming interfaces for the retrieval
and maintenance of Natural Security data.
On those Windows platforms which are not suited to the stand-alone operation of Natural, Natural Security is installed as a runtime-only version, which only contains the functionality necessary to enable user authentication and access control of Natural resources: it includes the logon procedure, which performs user authentication and verification of access rights when a user logs on to a Natural session, plus the procedures which perform access control to check whether a user has permission to perform the desired functions within a Natural session. In addition, retrieval functions provided by the Natural Security application programming interfaces are available.
As the runtime version does not include any maintenance capability, it requires access to a Natural Security system file (FSEC) on another platform. Thus, a runtime version can only be used in combination with a full version installed on one of the other platforms.
This section covers the following topics:
In a heterogeneous, multiple-platform Natural environment, the administration and retrieval of Natural Security data has to be taken into consideration. It is possible to set up a separate Natural Security system file (FSEC) for each installation, and maintain each FSEC system file independently.
It is also possible to set up a single FSEC system file in which all Natural Security data are stored centrally. The Natural Security installations have to be connected in a network with Entire Net-Work. Access to the centrally stored security data is handled by Entire Net-Work by means of remote database calls.
If the multiple-platform configuration does not include a mainframe, the FSEC system file can be located and the Natural Security data maintained on any of the (full version) installations; however, it is recommended that you maintain them on the installation where the FSEC system file is local.
If the multiple-platform configuration includes a mainframe, the FSEC system file must be located and the Natural Security data maintained on the mainframe. On the non-mainframe installations, the maintenance of Natural Security data is then automatically disabled. This includes maintenance via Natural Security's application programming interfaces.
The accessibility of an FSEC system file in a multiple-platform configuration is as follows:
|Location of FSEC||Accessible from|
|Mainframe||Mainframe, UNIX, OpenVMS and Windows|
|UNIX||UNIX, OpenVMS and Windows|
|OpenVMS||OpenVMS, UNIX and Windows|
|Windows||Windows, UNIX and OpenVMS|
In a heterogeneous environment, the following has to be considered concerning the protection of programming objects and DDMs:
In a heterogeneous production environment using a central mainframe FUSER system file, a library which does not exist on the mainframe FUSER system file but in the file system on another platform would not be known to Natural Security on the mainframe. To be able to define "non-existent" modules contained in such a library, the Disallow/Allow Modules function provides the subfunction Free List of Modules (which is described in the section Library Maintenance).
With the option Module Protection Mode (described in the section Administrator Services), it is possible to make Natural Security's protection of programming objects uniform across all mainframe and non-mainframe platforms.
Natural's storage location for DDMs is not the same on all platforms: on mainframe computers, DDMs are stored in an FDIC system file, whereas on UNIX, OpenVMS and Windows, DDMs are contained in libraries like other Natural objects. Therefore, Natural Security's handling of the DDM protection is also different:
On mainframe computers, DDMs are treated as separate objects (called "files"), which have their own security profiles.
On the non-mainframe platforms, the protection of DDMs is subordinate to the protection of libraries, and DDM security profiles are subordinate to library security profiles.
For further information, see DDM/Files in the section Structure And Terminology Of Natural Security.
In a heterogeneous environment where a central FSEC system file on a
mainframe is used, all DDMs on the non-mainframe platforms must be transferred
to the library
SYSTEM in order to enable their use under Natural
If a system file as the central location for DDM storage (outside of
libraries) is specified with the Natural profile parameter
a non-mainframe platform, the protection of non-mainframe DDMs and the
maintenance of their security profiles is performed in the same way as with
If Natural Security is used on multiple platforms in a client/server environment, and a logon is performed on a client which uses a different character code than the server, Natural Security has to translate the logon data from ASCII to EBCDIC or vice versa on the server. For this character translation, Natural Security uses the following translation tables:
On mainframes, it uses the translation table
the Natural configuration module
On non-mainframe platforms, it uses the sections
EBCDIC->ISO8859_1 of the
Natural configuration file
If these do not suit your requirements, you may have to adjust them. For further information, see the Natural Operations documentation for the relevant platform.
Entire Net-Work's translation process is centered around the format and length of each field specified in the search and format buffers that are passed with each Adabas call, along with special translation definition parameters. When a request goes through the network conversion routines, each individual field is translated according to the format and length defined for it in the associated search or format buffer.
To avoid the errors
translation definitions for the following fields for the DBID and FNR of the
mainframe FSEC system file with format "X":
This prevents values from being either translated or swapped.
For further information, see Special Handling Of Field Format "X" in the section Heterogeneous Platform Considerations of the Entire Net-Work Installation and Operations for Mainframes documentation.